The clouding caused by cataracts can seriously affect a person’s quality of life. Fortunately, cataract surgery can correct the problem. The surgeon removes the lens and replaces it with an artificial lens. It is a relatively quick procedure with a fast recovery time that restores a person’s quality of life.
Vision Quality After Surgery
Some patients ask if they will have 20/20 vision after the procedure. Most patients can achieve 20/20 vision as long as they have no other conditions. Conditions that can affect the quality of vision after cataract surgery include:
- Corneal scarring
- Macular degeneration
- Macular wrinkling or scarring
Because cataract surgery involves replacing the human lens with an artificial lens, any other condition affecting the eye may result in compromised vision. With the help of glasses, many people can achieve the 20/20 vision that they want.
Even in cases where a patient may be nearsighted or farsighted, there are some artificial lenses called multifocal lenses that can be used. They work like a bifocal contact lens, but they are placed permanently in the eye. These lenses are most effective when there is no astigmatism. Those with astigmatism will have to have another surgery before the artificial lens can be implanted.
Common Cataract Surgery Complications
Patients throughout New York City, Garden City, and Hauppauge, New York, have experienced complications. Although a complication can be common, it may not occur in most cataract surgery patients. Infection, bleeding, corneal edema, glaucoma, blindness, blurred vision, and macular edema are some of the complications that can develop. Fortunately, they are rare enough that most people opt for surgery to correct their vision.
To implant the artificial lens, the doctor has to make an incision. Anesthetic drops are used to numb the eye. If you prefer to be unaware of the surgery, you can choose general anesthesia.
Once the incision is made, the clouded lens is removed. The artificial lens is then placed. If the other eye needs surgery, as well, it will be performed four to eight weeks after the first eye.
The incision can be small, which is the case when a small ultrasound probe is used to break the lens and suction removes it. Extracapsular cataract surgery involves a longer incision so the lens can be removed whole rather than sucked out.
Tests will be needed before surgery. The biggest test is the eye exam that determines what is happening and how serious it is. This is a complete eye exam. You may also need urine or blood tests, depending on your medical history. If you are taking medications or you have certain health conditions, you may be given specific instructions before the surgery.
You will need a ride home because you can’t drive after surgery. You’ll also experience some discomfort, such as itchiness. The discomfort is usually minor. If you have too much discomfort, then your doctor can treat the symptoms. If you are still having discomfort or pain, call your doctor immediately because that could be an indicator that something is wrong. Fortunately, recovery from cataract surgery is very cut and dry for most patients.
Learn more about if Cataract Surgery is right for you by taking our free online self-test! If you want more information on cataract surgery and recovery, be sure to contact Stahl Eyecare Experts for you cataract consultation!